作者:英语初二上册知识点总结 来源:未知 2021-04-11   阅读:




一、 v+ do


1. Let sb do sth 让某人做某事

Let sb not do sth 让某人不做某事

2.why not do sth=why do英语初二上册知识点总结n’t you do sth 做什么怎么样 为什么不做、、、

Why not put on a raincoat, its raining outside. 外面在下雨,为什么不穿个雨衣呢?

3. Make sb do sth 使某人做某事

I will do my best to make my dream come true. 我会尽我所能去使我的梦想实现。

Make sb + adj 使某人。。。。。

The story makes us happy。

二 v+ doing

1. practice doing sth 练习做某事 our English teacher told us to practice speaking English

every day。英语老师叫我们每天练习说英语。

2. finish doing sth 完成做某事 my mum asks me to finishing cleaning up my room before

she come from work。 妈妈要求我在她下班回来之前打扫干净我的房间。

3. Enjoy doing sth 享受做某事

The boys are enjoying playing basketball 孩子们正在操场上享受打篮球。 4. stand doing sth 忍受做某事


5. mind doing sth 介意做某事

? 你介意开门吗?

6. keep doing sth. 继续做某事

She will keep fighting in this new semester. 在新学期,她将继续努力奋斗

7. miss 想念 I miss you very much

Miss sth 错过。。。。 he got up late this morning,so he missed the bus

Miss doing sth 错过做某事。He missed having the class,because he got up late。 8. Sb spend time with sb 与某人共度时间

I spend the weekend with my grandparents。

Sb spend (time/ money) 某人在某事花费时间,金钱

Sb spend (time/money)(in)doing sth 某人花费时间、金钱做某事 (人作主语)

I spent two hours (in)reading the novel last night.

It takes sb (time/ money) 某事花费某人多少时间,金钱 (it 作主语)

It took me two hours to read the novel last night。

Sb pay sth money=pay money for sth 为、、、付多少钱。 (人作主语)

I paid ten dollars for that book

Sth cost sb money 某物花费某人多少钱 (物作主语)

That book cost me ten dollars。

9、succeed in doing sth 成功做某事

He succeeds in giving up the smoking 他成功地戒了烟。

10. play a role in doing sth 发挥作用,有影响

computers play a role in people’s life 计算机在人们的生活中发挥作用。

. 人与人的交流,


11. Have fun (in)doing sth 玩得高兴

They had fun playing basketball. 他们打篮球玩得很高兴。

12. be good at doing/ sth 擅长 she is very good at dancing。 他擅长跳舞

13. be talented in doing sth/ sth 在某方面有天赋

she is talented in drawing。 她在画画方面有天赋

三 v+ to do

1. it's a good/ great way to do sth 做....的好方法.

He likes joining some activities because it’s a good way to make friends 他喜欢参加一些活


The best way to do sth 做某事的最佳方式

I think the best way to learn English is through English。学英语的最佳方式就是朗读。

2. It’s one’s first time to do sth 第一次做某事

It’s my first time to speak English with foreigners. 这是我第一次和外国人说英语。

3. want to do sth=would like to do sth 想做某事

4. decide to do sth 决定做某事

He decides to have a travel in this winter vacation. 他决定在这个寒假去旅行。

5. be determined to do sth 下定决心做某事

She determined to get good grades in this final examination. 她下定决心要在这次的期末


6. Invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

He didn’t invite me to have dinner with them 他没有邀请我和他们共进晚餐。

Invite sb to a place 邀请某人到某处

He wants to invite the girl to his birthday party。 他想邀请那个女孩参加他的生日宴会。

7. help sb(to)do sth=help(sb)with sth 帮助某人做某事

he helped me with my English。=he helped me to study English.

8. order sb to do sth 命令某人做某事

the boss ordered him to finish the work before 5 o’clock 老板命令他五点之前完成工作

9. plan to do sth 计划做某事

I plan to have a vacation in this summer 我计划这个暑假去度假

10. choose to do sth 选择做某事

He chooses to stay at home because of the cold weather. 因为寒冷的天气,他选择呆在家里。

11. Do one’s best to do sth=try one’s best to do sth 尽某人做大努力做某事

I will try my best to make my dream come true.

12. Need to do sth 需要做某事

She needs to wash her dirty clothes now。 现在她需要去洗她的脏衣服。

13. be ready to do sth 准备好做某事 She is ready to go out 她准备好出去了。

14. seem + 形容词 看起来….. You seem happy today. 你看起来很高兴

seem + to do sth. 似乎、好像做某事 I seem to have a cold 我似乎感冒了。

15. tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

Her mum tells her to sleep early. 她的妈妈告诉她早睡。

Tell sb not to sth 告诉某人不要做某事


16. expect to do sth 期待做某事


17. wish sb to do sth 希望某人做某事

I wish you to be good. 我希望你好好的。

Hope to do sth 希望做某事

I hope to have a good job in the future. 我希望将来有一份好工作。

18. it’s + adj for sb to do sth 做某件事 对某人来说怎么样

It’s good for you to sleep early. 早睡对你有好处。

四 v+ to do/ doing

1. try to do sth 尽量做某事, 努力做某事 he tries to finish his homework

Try not to do sth 尽量不做某事 he tries not to hurt his friends’ feelings。

Try doing sth 尝试做某事。 He tried washing his hair with a new shampoo。

2. mean to do sth 有意做某事 I didn’t mean to hurt you 我不是有意伤害你的.。

Mean doing sth 意味着、、、、 being good to her doesn’t mean loving her 对她好并不意


3. start doing sth. 开始做某事=start to do sth (begin)

He usually starts cooking at 6 in the evening when his mother is not at home.当他妈妈不在家


4. 停止做某事 the teacher is coming,lets stop talking. 停下来做某事 if yo

第一文库网 u are tired, you can stop to rest.


1.offer sb sth=offer sth for sb (双宾) 提供某人某物

Make sb sth=make sth for sb 为某人制作某物

Buy sb sth=buy sth for sb 为某人买某 I want to buy my mother a present买一个礼物

Give sb sth=give sth to sb 给某人某物

Show sb sth=show sth to sb 像某人展示某物

Send sb sth=send sth to sb 给某人送某物

Return sb sth=return sth to sb 归还某物给某人

Pass sb sth=pass sth to sb 传递某物给某人

2. look for 寻找 she is looking for his eraser under the desk.

look like 看起来像 she looks like her mother.

look after 照看=take care of I need to look after my dog.

look up 查字典 if you don’t know this new word, you can look it up in the dictionary。 如


3. work as 作为、、、工作 they work on the farm as volunteers. 他们在农场上作为自愿者工作。

work with sb 和某人一起工作

work for sb 为某人工作

work in/ at 在、、哪儿工作

4. Be famous/ well-known for、、因、、而出名 Chongqing is famous for hot- pot

Be famous / well-known as、、 作为、、而出名 she is famous as a singer.

Be popular with sb 受、、的欢迎 this magazine is popular with the young people 。这本杂


5. Be good at sth / doing sth 擅长

Be good with sb 和某人相处友好 she is very good with the kids(孩子)

Be good to sb/ sth 对、、很仁慈 you should be good to the animals

Be good for、、 对、、有好处 sleeping early is good for our health.

6. get on 上车 get on the bus

Get off 下车

Get up 起床

7.arrive at / in=get to=reach 到达。。。。

Arrive at home 到家 arrive in Chongqing 到达重庆

Get to the park 到达公园=reach the park

注意: there , here, home 这三个词前不能加to 所以

Get home get there get here √

但是如果home 前面有物主代词则可加to

Get to my home √ get to his home √

Get to home ×

8. Be interested in sth / doing sth 对、、 感兴趣

She is interested in dancing. / music.

9. a little=a bit=a little bit=kind of +形容词

a little=

+ 不可数名词 一点点

This book is kind of interesting. 这本书有点趣。

too many 太多,后接可数名词复数: Mother bought too many eggs yesterday.

too much 太多,修饰不可数名词。 We have too much work to do.

much too 太,修饰形容词或副词。

The hat is much too big for me. You’re walking much too fast.

10、.be the same as…… 与。。。。相同

Is her lifestyle the same as yours? 她的生活方式和你的一样吗?

be different from。。。。。与。。。。不同

Her lifestyle is different from mine. 她的生活方式和我的不同。

11、make a difference to sth 对……有影响

I want to try my best to make a difference to my poor life. 我想尽我最大的努


12、care about 关心,在意某人/某事:Our parents always care about their children.

Everybody cares about his future. 每个人都很关系自己的未来。

13. as long as=so long as只要,引导条件状语从句;也可意为“既然”

We would like to go to the mountains as long as the weather is good. 只要天气


与相像/ 类似 Your problem is similar to mine. 你的问题同我的一样。

My best friend is very similar to me. 我最好的朋友和我相似。

.be similar in sth.在某方面相似, His father and he are similar in height. (高度)

23. go on vacation 去度假

Kaikou is a beautiful city. Let’s go on vacation there 开口是一个美丽的城市,让


24.Turn on 打开电视,收音机 , 开关。。。

Turn off 关电视机,收音机

Turn up 把电视机,收音机的声音调大。。。

Turn down。 关小

On,off,up,down 是副词,所以如果后面加介词要放在中间。

I cant hear the radio clearly,would you please turn it up? 我听不清收音机,你能把声音调大


复合名词 a banana tree 香蕉树 two banana trees

A boy student 一个男学生 two boy students 两个男学生

A man teacher 一个男教师 两个你那教师

A woman doctor 一个女医生 两个女医生

25. Fill sth with sth 用某物填充某物

She fills the bottle with water。 她用水装满瓶子。

Be filled with sth 充满、、、、、、、=be full of

The bottle is filled with water. 瓶子装满了水。

26. Put sth on ..... 将某物放在。。。上

Put on 穿上, 戴上

Put on the coat 穿上外套 put on the coat 戴上帽子

27. Mix sth up 。。把。。。。混合在一起、、、

She mixes them up. 她把她们混合在一起。

28. Take one’s place 代替,替代

She dresses up like a boy and takes her father’s place to fight in the army. 她打扮得像个男孩一样并且代替她的爸爸在军队里打仗。

29. too 。。。 to 太而不能

the water is too hot to drink. 水太烫而不能喝。










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